Health Book Citation

Gestational diabetes is diabetes diagnosed in the second or third trimester of pregnancy in a patient who was not diagnosed with diabetes before pregnancy. As such gdm is the product of routine glucose tolerance screening that is currently carried out in otherwise healthy individuals.

Gestational Diabetes Opportunities For Improving Maternal And Child Health The Lancet Diabetes Endocrinology

1 2 of all pregnancies complicated by diabetes gdm accounts for 90.

Gestational diabetes article. 2 depending on the population sample and diagnostic criteria the prevalence may range from 1 to 14. Gestational diabetes is diabetes diagnosed for the first time during pregnancy gestation. Gestational diabetes mellitus gdm is a form of diabetes that can develop during pregnancy usually during the second trimester.

These hormones also block the effects of insulin in the woman s body increasing her blood sugar levels. 1 3 gdm affects 7 of all pregnancies resulting in 200 000 cases per year. Repeat and random urine sample taken on one or more occasion throughout pregnancy reveal glycosuria in 5 to 50 cases.

Gestational diabetes causes high blood sugar that can affect your pregnancy and your baby s health. G estational diabetes mellitus gdm is defined as glucose intolerance that begins or is first detected during pregnancy. During pregnancy the placenta produces hormones that help the baby develop.

Like other forms of hyperglycemia gdm is characterized by pancreatic β cell function that is insufficient to meet the body s insulin needs. Who is at risk. It is an early indicator of gestational diabetes.

Timely identification and management of gestational diabetes is important to prevent fetal infant and maternal complications. Gestational diabetes mellitus gdm is defined as glucose intolerance with onset or first recognition during pregnancy. Like other types of diabetes gestational diabetes affects how your cells use sugar glucose.

During pregnancy renal threshold is diminished due to combined effect of increases gfr and impaired tubular reabsorption of glucose which is most common in midpregnancy.

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