Health Book Citation

Dka and 15 for hhs 1 2 dka is the most common cause of death in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes and accounts for half of all deaths in diabetic patients 24 years of age 6 the cause of death in patients with dka and hhs rarely results from the metabolic complications of hyper glycemia or metabolic acidosis but. Dka vs hhs dka means diabetic ketoacidosis and hhs means hyperosmolar hyperglycemic syndrome both dka and hhs are the two complications of diabetes mellitus.

Hyperglycemic Crises Diabetic Ketoacidosis Dka And Hyperglycemic Hyperosmolar State Hhs Endotext Ncbi Bookshelf

The etiology of dka vs hhs the fundamental underlying issue in both dka and hhs is an absolute or relative lack of insulin that results in an increase in counter regulatory hormones including gluca gon cortisol and catecholamines.

Dka vs hhs. Hyperglycemia presents 300 mg dl. Diabetic ketoacidosis dka and hyperglycemic hyperosmolar state hhs are acute metabolic complications of diabetes mellitus that can occur in patients with both type 1 and 2 diabetes mellitus. No insulin present in the body or illness infection.

Diabetic ketoacidosis dka and hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state hhs are the two most serious metabolic complications of diabetes mellitus dm. Though there are many differences between dka and hhs the basic problem is associated with insulin deficiency. Dka vs hhns diabetic ketoacidosis.

These disorders can occur in both type 1 and type 2 dm. When comparing the two hhs has a higher mortality rate. Dka is reported to be responsible for more than 100 000 hospital admissions per year in the united states 1 and accounts for 4 9 of all hospital discharge summaries among patients with diabetes.

1 the incidence of hhs is lower than dka and accounts for 1 of all primary diabetic admissions. Affects mainly type 1 diabetics. Dka is characterized by hyperglycemia ketone body formation and metabolic acidosis.

Ketones and acidosis present. Timely diagnosis comprehensive clinical and biochemical evaluation and effective management is key to the successful resolution of dka and hhs. Main problems are hyperglycemia ketones and acidosis blood ph 7 35.

Seen in young or undiagnosed diabetics.

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